Forensic medicine is a pluralistic specialty because it applies the knowledge of various branches of medicine to the needs of law. But it is both science and art. It is science because it coordinates and systematizes general truths in an orderly and doctrinal sentence; It is art because it applies techniques, methods and tactics that lead to the required practical mission, that is, to clarify the truth. Forensic medicine serves the law, which aims to defend the interests of individuals and society, more than medicine. The legal designation borrowed from this science indicates that it uses itself, in the accomplishment of its noble mission, including the legal and social sciences, with which it therefore has intimate relations. It is medicine and law that complement each other, without engalants. (d) The position of law and justice in raising awareness of human rights; 8 In civil law, the grounds for prohibition, annulment of marriage, determination of paternity, for which it is necessary to know what types of examinations may be required of experts in order to clarify the facts. With the causes of accidents at work, you should know that there are diseases typical of certain professions. Forensic medicine provides scientific knowledge for the study and clarification of many facts of legal interest, especially those relating to the field of criminal law. His science applies to medical-biological knowledge by combining it with the interests of constituted law, constitutive law and supervision of professional medical practice. Forensic medicine also provides guidelines for drafting laws related to your studies, cooperation in the application of existing laws and the interpretation of legal provisions of medical importance. 10 In his liberal activity, the lawyer also needs a large part of this knowledge to solve cases of interest to his representatives.
It should criticize evidence in the best sense of the word, in the sense that it does not accept the “absolutization” or “deification” of certain results simply because they represent recent advances in science or technology. The France assists experts, law enforcement authorities (lawyers, prosecutors, defence lawyers and prosecutors) and judges (judges and jurors) in the interpretation of certain offences in the field of forensic medicine. However, over the past century, great changes have been made in our society that have changed the scope of forensic medicine and other forensic sciences, especially with regard to their social role. Among these changes, the following stand out: 9 For the Frenchman Genival Veloso, this is perhaps the most fundamental mission of forensic expertise: to guide and enlighten the conscience of the judge. Often, the freedom, honor and life of an individual are subordinated to the clarification of a medico-legal fact, which is offered in the most diverse aspects. (c) The broader concept of health and the social role of physicians and medicine, with significant changes related to social reintegration and models of action; This complexity and diversity of subjects has led to the need to consider forensic medicine as a specialty capable of training and empowering professionals to perform tasks that, in addition to very specific knowledge and technical skills, require great scientific rigor, constant updating and a great capacity for liberation and impartiality, so as not to endanger the public interest. The rights of the individual and therefore justice. 5 Modern law cannot fail to accept the increasingly intimate contribution of science, and the legal entity must not neglect the knowledge of technicians, for only in this way is it possible to approach the truth that one wants to establish, it is not an exaggeration to claim that good justice is unthinkable without the contribution of forensic medicine. Crystallization of the idea that justice is not limited to knowledge of law, doctrine and jurisprudence. France In the past, despite the integration of the curriculum of medical schools, forensic medicine was limited to tanatology.
Indeed, throughout history, doctors have always been entrusted with the role of providing medical care to sick or traumatized people, without assessing certain fundamental aspects of a legal nature, such as the collection of traces of crime or the analysis of the consequences of cases of violence, which are often neglected, for example. This omission inadvertently deprived the right to obtain evidence where, secondarily, it involved violations arising from legal issues, whether criminal, civil, professional or otherwise. Forensic medicine has a wide application in jurisprudence, whether in criminal, civil or ergonomic matters, by helping in the application of laws and by allowing the judiciary to comply with its social and constitutional gentleman. The judiciary, from the investigation phase to the procedural sector to the trial, needs evidence that is produced in collaboration with medical experts as judicial assistants. 14 Forensic medicine is frequently used in forensic practice because the expertise exercised by forensic pathologists creates undeniable exploratory value in support of procedural law by seeking a fair judgment based on the veracity of the facts and their circumstances. So the verification of lesions or necropsy; The analysis of the mental state of the accused or the cessation of dangerousness, the convenience of banning drug addicts or the prohibition of the mentally ill recovered, the inability of a person to test or be admitted as a witness are common cases. 2 Forensic medicine is characterised by the fact that it is a set of medical and paramedical findings which, within the framework of the law, contribute to the elaboration, interpretation and application of existing laws and also allow their improvement through scientific research. It is medicine at the service of law and the social sciences. Benfica The first signs of an intimate relationship between medicine and law date back to the archives of antiquity.